First Issue: 

Discussing the effects of abolishing the presence of Tobacco and related businesses in Sierra Leone.

World Health Organization is emphasizing how tobacco threatens nations worldwide, and is calling on governments to apply tough tobacco control measures. Globally, tobacco kills more than 7 million people each year, which equates to one death every five seconds. There are roughly 640,000 tobacco users in the country, including smokers and people who sniff tobacco; however, not only are they affected by the use of tobacco, but even the people around them are harmed.

Up to half of all tobacco users will die prematurely from tobacco-related cause as it takes away 15 years of a person’s life. Infertility, erectile dysfunction, breathing difficulties, infections, and high blood pressure are also some of the health effects of tobacco.

Currently, the Government of Sierra Leone is taking important steps to advance tobacco control. Therefore, this issue will discuss the effects of abolishing the presence of Tobacco and related businesses in Sierra Leone.

 

Second Issue:

Discussing strategies for the reduction and prevention of rising maternal death rates.

Sierra Leone’s latest Maternal Death and Surveillance Report, calls for united actions from government, health workers, communities and partners to challenge the increased number of maternal deaths in the country. 706 maternal deaths were reported during 2016. According to the report, the highest sources of maternal deaths, that occurs in pregnancy or in the six-week period after delivery, were mostly bleeding, pregnancy-induced tension, infections, and unsafe abortions. Secondary sources include anemia and malaria during a woman’s pregnancy. Almost 20% of maternal deaths were among teenagers from ages 15-19. President of Sierra Leone, Minister of Health, Paramount Chiefs, representatives from development partners and United Nations agencies are warning the whole country to take action to guarantee safe delivery for all pregnant women. Families are asked that all pregnant women give birth in health facilities and to have family planning which leads to safe motherhood. Up to that seven in ten maternal deaths presently go unreported, especially when the deaths occur outside of government maternity wards. Sierra Leone has one of the world’s highest maternal mortality rates, at an estimated 1,165 deaths per 100,000 to be exact. Therefore, this council will discuss strategies for reduction and prevention of rising maternal death rates.

 

For any inquiries regarding this council, please feel free to contact the chairs at rsl@bayanmun.com