Determining whether or not Japan should reclaim ownership of Manchuria and examining its effect on world peace.
The Manchurian Incident was the pretext that allowed Japan to set up a puppet government in Manchuria. In subsequence of the Russo-Japanese War, Japan replaced the Soviet Union as the dominant foreign power in Manchuria.
By the late 1920s, the Japanese feared that unification of China under the Kuomintang party would be unfavorable to Japanese interests in Manchuria. Therefore, when a bomb of unknown origin landed on the Japanese railway near Shenyang (then known as Mukden), the Japanese Kwantung army guarding the railway used the incident as justification to occupy Manchuria; disregarding Japanese opposition and the pledge done before the League of Nations to withdraw to the railway zone, thus completing the occupation of Manchuria and establishing the puppet state of Manchukuo.
In order to fully comprehend its possible effect on world peace, global economy, and international relations, delegates must examine whether or not Japan should indeed reclaim rule over Manchuria. By doing so, delegates must also reexamine the actions taken by the UN and consider alternative solutions to the issue at hand.
Preserving the sovereignty of Abyssinia and establishing anti-invasion protocol.
In 1935, Italy invaded the Empire of Ethiopia; then known as Abyssinia. Although Haile Selassie, Abyssinian emperor, reached out to League asking for immediate aid and support, all the League did was pose economic sanctions such as banning arms sales, that were not fully applied; this caused more harm to Abyssinia than Italy. Italy ignored the sanctions, quit the League, and created a special alliance with Britain and France, eventually establishing full and undisputed control of Abyssinia.
The subsequent invasion of Abyssinia severely ridiculed the integrity of the League of Nations. It destroyed its reputation as an effective peacekeeping body, and depicted it as a weak, ineffective force, unable to deal with aggressors. Therefore, as all hopes in the League were vanishing nation by nation, European diplomacy was threatened, and tensions between countries were heightened.
The aftermath of the invasion on international relations was arguably more drastic than its domestic effect on the clashing nations. As a result, the delegates will be proposing methods and procedures that should have been implemented by the League of Nations at the time of the Crisis, in order to preserve the sovereignty of Abyssinia.
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